Chios - Information
There are quite a few differences, in terms of social and economic infrastructure, between the southern and northern parts of Chios. The “Notiochora” (southern parts) developed – overall – as “closed” residential structures, consisting (in many cases) of houses in the shape, externally, of a semi-circle without any doors or windows, designed to protect against invaders, primarily pirates, who ravaged the islands of the Aegean from the Middle Ages until the 17th-18th century. Up until the mid-20th century, the residents were mainly involved in agricultural activities, notably the collection of mastic (the resin secreted by the indigenous mastic trees), for which Chios is known all over the world (and which continues to this day – 2007). Subsequent migration and tourist development caused certain changes in the area’s features, but age-old local traditions and customs, and especially the “old” musical idioms connected to both local practices and universal influences, survive, here and there, to this day. In the “Voreiochora” (northern parts), numerous residents are still occupied in animal farming. From the 18th-19th century onwards, many turned to shipping, especially in north-eastern Chios, an activity centred on Kardamyla and the neighbouring island of Oinousses, which found fame as the place of origin of many major shipping families of the past and present. Records from the early to the mid-20th century, such as those of Pachtikos, Lyntekes, the Greek Folklore Society, the Chronicles of Chios, etc, indicate that certain old narrative songs that were popular in contemporary Greece, Asia Minor and the Balkans, were also known in Chios.

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12 records found — Island: Chios

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