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North Aegean MUSICAL CULTURE ARCHIVE

The data presented in the Data Base comes from five research projects

The first fieldwork research in the North-East Aegean area was conducted from 1986 to 1991, after an initiative taken by Nikos Dionyssopoulos. Digital technologies were used – for the first time in Greece - to record folk songs and tunes, and in order to collect supportive and documentation musical material from the islands of Chios, Lemnos, and more systematically from Lesvos. The research focused on local musical cultures with emphasis on relevant musical idioms and genres.

The second research project, which is a continuation of the first one, focused exclusively on Lesvos and was conducted through successive research missions from 1993 to 1996. The project was funded by the Research Committee of the University of the Aegean which undertook all the fieldwork expenses, whereas the Crete University Press contributed to the publication of the research results.

The interdisciplinary research team which conducted systematic recordings all over the island, covering different areas of the musical phenomenon, included Nikos Dionyssopoulos (responsible for music), Zoe Margari (responsible for dance), Yiorgos Nikolakakis (responsible for the historical and sociological background defining musical practices) and Ada Chatzigeorgiou (responsible for the documentation and use of Press archives). The material collected included extensive recordings of folk songs and tunes, videos, interviews, and photographs (both contemporary and old ones) and covered musical activities from the end of the 19th century to this day. Apart from the musical mapping of the island the interest also focused on older musical practices in effect until the first postwar years in Lesvos. All sound recordings were completed by N. Dionyssopoulos. Part of the recordings have been included in the musical edition entitled “Lesvos Aeolis” (in Greek and English), edited by N. Dionyssopoulos, and funded by the Crete University Press – Foundation for Research and Technology and the Research Committee of the University of the Aegean (1997).

The third research project was designed and conducted by an interdisciplinary research team, established in the context of the program “Ark of the Aegean” (September 1995- September 1998), and was funded by the Greek Secretariat for Research and Technology (Operational Programme for Research and Technology – EPET II). One of the main objectives of the project was to study and produce documentation about the North-East Aegean culture placing emphasis on folk culture and music on the islands of Lesvos, Lemnos, Chios and Psara.

Sotiris Chtouris was the coordinator of the research team and Dimitris Papageorgiou was the scientific coordinator of the field research.

The research team which conducted the field research also included the following: Yiannis Iliades, Pavlos Kavouras, Lampros Liavas, Yiorgos Nikolakakis, and Christina Varkaraki. Vassilis Vetsos cooperated with the research team as an independent researcher on topics referring to musical ethos and musical practices. Christos Bakalis, Vicky Bardi, Evangelia Kyriakoglou, Dimitris Ouzounis, Maria Papadaki, Angeliki Politaki, and Alexandros Tzortzakakis cooperated as research assistants for specific topics.

The recordings of folk songs and tunes were organized by Y. Iliades, P. Kavouras, E. Kyriakoglou, Y. Nikolakakis, D. Papageorgiou, A. Politaki, Ch. Varkaraki and V. Vetsos. Field research in Agiassos, Plomari, and Mesotopos, in Lesvos, was planned and conducted with the cooperation of L. Liavas. Sound recordings were completed by Yiannis Smyrnaios, Kostas Karatzas and D. Papageorgiou. Stelios Tzelaidis offered some of his own older recordings of folk Lesvian musicians to be included in the research data and K. Karatzas recorded specific music themes from concerts by the musical group “Arnamous”, which have also been included in the data. Finally the material has integrated recordings conducted in Lesvos by students, supervised by V. Vetsos, who recorded songs performed by their relatives, as well as recordings of religious and other tunes and songs completed in Lemnos by Thomas Apostolopoulos and V. Vetsos. The processing and selection of the material was conducted by V. Vetsos and D. Papageorgiou in cooperation with the sound engineers K. Kontou and Christoforos Tsitouridis, whereas Chr. Varkaraki and A. Chatzigeorgiou were responsible for the editing of the lyrics.

Photos:Y. Iliades, E. Kyriakoglou, Y. Nikolakakis, D. Ouzounis, D. Papageorgiou, and Ch. Varkaraki.
Photo digital elaboration: Ch. Bakalis, Thomas Mavrofides, and A. Tzortzakakis.
Videos: Y. Iliades, Y. Nikolakakis, D. Papageorgiou, and Ch. Varkaraki.
Video digital elaboration: Ch. Bakalis, Th. Mavrofides, and A. Tzortzakakis.
Digital mapping of cultural “routes” in Agiassos and Plomari, defining the areas of “action” of some prominent musical groups and the networks of coffee shops in which they performed on a regular basis, with the use of G.I.S.: Y. Iliades, D. Papageorgiou, A. Politaki, and Chr. Varkaraki, whereas Nikos Soulakellis was responsible for the development of the application. Finally, B. Petrellis cooperated with the research team for the mapping of the coffee shops in Plomari.

V. Gogolidis, P. Kargas, P. Maniatis and P. Moutzourellis were responsible for the technical support computer systems. Part of the processed research material gathered has been included in the publication edited by S. Chtouris and entitled “Musical Crossroads in the Aegean: Lesvos, 19th – 20th century”, University of the Aegean, Ministry of the Aegean, Exandas, 2000.

The main results of the research were published in a volume, entitled “Musical Crossroads in the Aegean: Lesvos from the 19th to the 20th century” (in Greek), University of the Aegean - Ministry of the Aegean - Exandas Ltd., 2000.

The forth research project was completed in the context of a program entitled “Development of a model informational system for the recording, management and promotion of the cultural content of the musical tradition of the Northern Aegean area”, funded by the Ministry of Commercial Shipping, Aegean and Insular Policy – General Secretariat of Aegean and Insular Policy and the Operational Programme “Information Society”, 2000 – 2006, 3rd CFS (Action 1: Education and Culture, Measure 1.3.: “Documentation, Management and Promotion of the Greek Cultural Heritage”).

The project (01.03.2005–30.09.2008), focused on the collection, recording, documentation and promotion of the cultural reserve of Aegean musical tradition through the use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT). The specific Data Base was constructed to serve both research/ educational aims and in order to promote the wider area culture. Sotiris Chtouris was the coordinator of the research team and Dimitris Papageorgiou was the assistant coordinator. Yiannis Iliades and Christina Varkaraki were field research coordinators.

The research team which conducted the field research, mainly in Lemnos, Chios and Samos, also included the following: Ioanna Antonoglou, Nikos Dionyssopoulos, Chara Karavia, Antonis Los, Malama Rentari, Erini Stamatoyiannopoulou and Ero Staurakaki. The recordings of folk songs and tunes were organized by I. Antonoglou, N. Dionyssopoulos, Ch. Karavia, A. Los, D. Papageorgiou, M. Rentari, E. Stamatoyiannopoulou, and E. Staurakaki. All sound recordings and sound editing were completed by N. Dionyssopoulos. The selection of folk songs and tunes incorporated in the Data Base was made by N. Dionyssopoulos, in cooperation with D. Papageorgiou. The lyrics were edited by N. Dionyssopoulos, Fatos Lazari, D. Papageorgiou and M. Rentari.

Photos and digital elaboration of photos: I. Antonoglou, N. Dionyssopoulos, Y. Iliades, Ch. Karavia, A. Los, D. Papageorgiou, M. Rentari, E. Stamatoyiannopoulou, E. Staurakaki and Ch. Varkaraki.
Videos and digital elaboration of videos: I. Antonoglou, N. Dionysopoulos, Y. Iliades, Ch. Karavia, A. Los, D. Papageorgiou, M. Rentari, E. Stamatoyiannopoulou, E. Staurakaki and Ch. Varkaraki.
Video editing: Alexandros Spathis.
Software design: Thomas Mavrofides.

Part of the research material collected in the context of this project and specifically referring to Lemnos, which is complemented by data from previous research projects, was published in a volume, entitled “Musical Crossroads in the Aegean: Lemnos from the 19th to the 21st century” (in Greek), (S. Chtouris, D. Papageorgiou eds), Ion Ltd., 1st edition 2007, 2nd edition 2009.

The fifth research project(01.03.2007 - 30.06.2009) was completed in the context of a program entitled “Development of a CD- ROM for the promotion of the musical cultural heritage of Icaria” and was funded by the Ministry of Commercial Shipping, Aegean and Insular Policy – General Secretariat of Aegean and Insular Policy and the Operational Programme “Information Society”, 2000 – 2006, 3rd CFS (Action 1: Education and Culture, Measure 1.3.: “Documentation, Management and Promotion of the Greek Cultural Heritage”). The project was completed with the production of a CD-ROM (edited by S. Chtouris and Ch. Bakalis) aiming to promote the Musical Culture of Icaria and with reference to the particular historical, social and cultural data having defined the articulation of the specific musical genre. Sotiris Chtouris was the coordinator of the research team and Christos Bakalis was the field research coordinator. The research team also included the following: Nikos Dionyssopoulos, Malama Rentari and Nikos Pitsiavas.

The recordings of folk songs and tunes were organized by N. Dionyssopoulos. All sound recordings and sound editing were completed by N. Dionyssopoulos, who was also responsible for the selection of the folk songs and tunes to be included in the Data Base. The lyrics were edited by N. Dionyssopoulos and M. Rentari.

Photos and digital elaboration of photos: Ch. Bakalis, N. Dionyssopoulos, M. Rentari.
Videos and digital elaboration of videos: Ch. Bakalis, N. Dionyssopoulos, N. Pitsiavas and M. Rentari.
Video editing: Dimitris Papageorgiou, N. Pitsiavas, Alexandros Spathis.
Software design: Thomas Mavrofides.